it's hard to believe, but i don't think i've ever posted a tutorial before. several people asked me to post a tutorial of the felt bowls i've been making of late. i should preface this by saying that i am total beginner at this and what i'm really posting here is my experience with this medium. if you're a real felter, you may want to go visit some other site now, as you'll probably be appalled at my technique. :-) however, it has worked for me and i've really been enjoying the magic that is needle felting.
the first step is to get yourself a big cup of coffee or tea, as this process takes awhile. i'll admit, i drink a lot of nescafe's instant espresso. it has that lovely foam that i don't want to know how they achieve in a powdered product. instant coffee, a guilty pleasure. and now let's get on with the felting.
these are the tools of the felting trade. i call that big one with the 5 needles in it "the big kahuna." sabin insists it's called "the kachunk." you can name yours whatever you want. there are different grades of fineness in felting needles. here in denmark, the ones we can get don't really have numbers assigned to them, tho' i've seen that elsewhere - we can buy fine, medium and regular, which seems rather similar to medium. the needles aren't like regular sewing needles, as they have very fine little barbs along the sides. oh, and you WILL poke yourself with them eventually. sometimes all the way through your finger, so be careful.
it can be handy to have a wooden holder on the needle, as you are poking it in a LOT of times and the needle without it can begin to make your fingers sore. that said, i often use the medium single needle on its own. i have a fine needle for finishing work in the smaller holder. and in the big kahuna, five regular needles. you will break a needle at some point (usually when you've just stabbed it one side of your finger and out the other) and the holders are easy to change them out. that bit of foam the needles are stuck in is another essential item. this piece, i cut and used to make the bowls on the weekend. it comes as a square and is the perfect working surface for your felting. you should be able to find these where you find your felting supplies. and you will need to replace them regularly as they definitely wear out if you're doing a lot of felting.
next, you need some wool roving in the color of your choice - wool is key, as synthetic materials or cotton won't felt. i buy roving in craft stores and fabric stores and, of course, online. this beautiful piece of hand-dyed wool, i bought on etsy. i blogged about it previously. if you're in the market, i can recommend this etsy shop and this one. or, if you're lucky enough to have your own sheep, ask him or her to donate a bit of wool. to make the bowls, i have tried both the crudely cut piece of felting pad above and this time, a styrofoam ball, as pictured below. you end up with a more flat bottom using the felt pad and a bit more round with the ball, tho' even with the ball, it's still possible to create a flat bottom.
tear off a piece of roving in a size you can manage and begin covering the ball with it. i roll it and needle it into place with the big kahuna, then i continue rolling it and poking it repeatedly with the needles. it is sticking to the ball, but it's also sticking to itself and beginning to felt. the longer you poke with the needles, the more they do their felting magic.
keep winding until the bowl reaches the height you'd like - i went about 2/3 of the way on this styrofoam ball. if you run out of roving before you reach the height you wish, just tear off another piece, overlap a little bit and keep going. you basically can't poke this too many times with the needle.
once it becomes closer to the bowl you'd like to see, you can switch to a single needle and keep felting. i worked especially on the top, poking in along the edge, to form a nice, smooth, rounded edge on the top. if you can see that there are areas where the felt is thin, you should add more pieces and continue poking them. the poking is quite therapeutic and if you want, you can imagine people you're angry with, but mostly, it takes you to kind of a meditative state.
you can work on making the bottom a flat surface as well - just keep poking and it will flatten out. this whole poking process took me about 30 minutes or so, so it's a task which requires patience.
once you think it's felted together enough, you can remove it from the ball, carefully peeling it back. some styrofoam bits will come off in your fibers, but you can flick them out with the needle. i may have to find a solution for this, but as of yet, i haven't.
once it's removed from the styrofoam ball, you'll see that there are thin spots. you should needle more felt onto the bowl, both on the inside and the outside, until it's the thickness you'd like it to be. you'll need a felting pad for this, as you have to have something to stick the needles into. you may also pop it back on the ball as needed. if your roving, like mine, is multi-colored, take care to choose the colors you'd like in the spots you'd like them. basically, you just keep poking. it's simply magical how those fine needles cause the fibers to grab hold of one another and hold their form.
i'm still working on this little bowl, but it's getting close to finished. you can decorate it by stitching on it or by attaching little curly locks of fiber around the top. and voila, you have a little treasure bowl of your very own. and if you don't feel up to all that poking, you can find a couple of little treasure bowls here. as far as the time required, one bowl takes about two episodes of boston legal.
good luck and take good care of your fingers!
if you have questions, just leave a comment and i'll try to answer them.
edited: the lovely lisa (who is a real felter) asked if i tried wet felting it afterwards....that's where you dip your felted item in soapy warm water and work it between your fingers to further felt it. i will say that i did that with the very first bowl i made on saturday and i didn't like the result. it made it dull - possibly because i didn't rinse it well enough and possibly because the roving was hand-dyed and it made it more uniform in color to wet it. the advantage of wet felting afterwards is that you have easier control of the shape of the bowl. here is the one i wet-felted:
if you can crochet, you can also crochet your bowl using wool yarn and then felt it with warm soapy water (or even throw it in the washer) afterwards. but i find there's something really magical about transforming an actual ball of fluff into a usable little vessel, so i like the needle method. plus, i can't crochet to save my life.